Jayesh Jain from PNB Housing Finance and the Housing Finance sector in India
This month’s Executive Insight section looks at the Indian housing finance sector and the work of Jayesh Jain – the Chief Financial Officer of PNB Housing Finance. Jayesh is a fellow member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants in India, and also holds certifications from ISACA, USA on Certified Information System Auditor (CISA) and Certified Information Systems Manager (CISM). With over 17 years of extensive experience in the Housing Finance Sector, prior to joining PNB Housing Finance Ltd, Jayesh worked with GRUH Finance Limited, subsidiary of Housing Development Finance Corporation(HDFC) Limited, in various roles and has been working as Chief Financial Officer ever since January, 2006.
He is a seasoned professional with experience in areas of Strategic Planning, Budgeting & Reporting, Resource Mobilization, Accounting & Auditing, Forensic Accounting, IT Governance, Data Mining & Analytics and Fraud Control & Regulatory Compliance. His current role encompasses a wide range of duties and responsibilities which varies from dovetailing with the business strategy, to chalk out the financial estimates of the Company and overseeing the actual performance in line with the estimates, ensuring proper and accurate Financial Records, managing tax compliances, monitoring the Company’s growth and advice peers to improve operations through analysis of various analytical reports such as Cash Flow, Unit Costing, Ratio Analysis, Yield analysis, Cost of Borrowing Report, Spread Analysis and developing & maintaining policies/process and systems of internal controls/checks. Additionally, he’s also responsible for Treasury, Capital Raise (both debt and equity), Investor Relations and Corporate Planning.
PNB Housing Finance Limited is a public listed housing finance Company headquartered at New Delhi with branches in major cities across India. The Company is the fifth largest housing finance Company by Loan Asset and the second largest by deposits in India, while also being the fastest growing HFC in India with a Hub and Spoke target operating model. PNB Housing, as of 31st December 2016, has an AUM of INR 37,745 crores and Loan Assets of INR 34,330 crores. It has one of the lowest Gross Non-performing assets and Cost of Borrowing of 0.37% and 8.81%, as of 31st December 2016 respectively. The Company also enjoys the benefit of strong parentage of Punjab National Bank, the second largest Public Sector Bank in the Country.
What differentiates PNB Housing finance from its competitors? Where does the Company stand nationally?
PNB Housing Finance is the fifth largest player amongst housing finance companies in India, with 58 branches spread across 35 cities in India.
I’d say that our main advantage, when compared to our competitors is our unique target operating model empowered with a robust technology platform. We have implemented wing-to-wing enterprise system solution, which cuts across all functions and all geographies. Our target operating model brings in efficiency of scale in the system. Further, our people with extensive experience in the mortgage industry and work towards faster and seamless execution, in compliance with the regulation.
Back in 2015, PNB Housing successfully implemented a comprehensive business transformation and reengineering exercise ‘Kshitij’, led by Mr. Sanjaya Gupta, the MD of PNB Housing Finance. The transformation included revamping of our business processes, organisational restructuring, relook at policies and most importantly, creating and implementing a strong and scalable target operating model, which I believe brings in high productivity of our people. Our branches are the primary point of sale/service, focused on origination of loans, various collection processes, sourcing deposits and enhancing customer service, while our processing hubs and zonal offices provide support functions, such as loan processing, credit appraisal and monitoring, and our Central Support Office (CSO) supervises our operations nationally. Our enterprise system solution (“ESS”) integrates all the activities and functions within our organisation under a single technology and data platform, bringing efficiencies to our back-end processes and enabling us to focus our resources on delivering quality services to our customers. Our branches, processing hubs, zonal offices and CSO are supported by our centralised operations (“COPS”) and central processing centre (“CPC”), which provides centralised and standardised backend administrative activities, payments and processing for our business, relying in turn on the ESS. These processes are to date resulting in significant improvement in PNB Housing’s competitive position and scale of operations. All backend process are ISO certified which lends a lot of productivity in our service standards and turnaround time.
Last but not least, I believe that a major strength of ours is our brand. We are promoted by Punjab National Bank –the second largest Indian public sector bank. The public reposes lot of confidence in our brand; which stands for trust, service and fair play.
What would you say are the biggest challenges facing housing finance companies in India?
I think one of the main challenges facing companies such as ours is the irrational pricing and intensified competition. There are many companies that offer products at very competitive prices. Another challenges that puts pressure on our profitability are business origination and high operating costs, coupled with balance transfers due to restriction by regulators on pre-payment charges. Under this kind of environment, it becomes quite challenging to deliver return on assets or return on equity and fulfil the expectations of the investors.
However, we remain positive, believing in the growth trajectory of the business. We continue doing our business efficiently and maintaining cost levels which shall help in our profitability.
What do you see as the biggest game changers for housing finance companies in 2017?
Back in November 2016, the Indian Government decided to ban the old INR 500 and INR 1,000 currency, which resulted in reducing the currency in circulation by more than 85%. I believe that this demonetization exercise undertaken by the Government is a positive step towards bringing transparency in the real estate sector in the long run. As a result, I foresee that valuations and transaction velocity will be more accurate and will gain pace, respectively, over time. The Mortgage to GDP ratio of our country is very low at approximately 9%, especially when compared to other countries such as China (18%), Hong Kong (45%), and the US (62%). Hence, we expect that there is a lot of growth potential to the overall housing finance/real estate industry in India.
Thrust of the Indian Government on the housing sector with the mission of Housing for All by 2022, subsidy on interest payment, under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna will most certainly give a boost to the housing finance industry too. Also, the Government’s smart cities mission to develop 100 cities all over the country making them citizen friendly and sustainable will help the industry growth.
What’s in store for PNB Housing Finance in the next year or so?
In the near future PNB Housing is expecting to see an expansion-led growth. As on 31st Dec 2016, we have 58 branches in 35 cities in India and we’re looking forward to increasing this number covering higher number of cities.
With majority of Investments behind us, we expect the operating leverage to play out. We expect that, over medium term, our Cost to Income ratio will be inching towards the Industry average (FY16-17.2%). At PNB Housing we continue to thrive to maintain our GNPA lower than the industry average (31st March 2016-0.87%).
As Chief Financial Officer, what motivates you most about your role?
For me, it’s about the long-term opportunity ahead of us. I’m passionate about what I do and about PNB Housing because I think we’re delivering exceptional service to our customers in respect of their requirements, and doing it in a way that puts both customers and employees first. As the CFO, I get involved in all business functions and I play an active role in developing and defining the overall strategy for the organisation. I act as the face of the Company on all issues related to overall financial performance, which motivates and excites me, while also providing me with a high level of career satisfaction.
How would you evaluate your role and its impact over the last year or so?
As a CFO, my role over the last year was very challenging and also critical from the organisation perspective. Firstly, the Company embarked on raising tier I Capital through Initial Public Offer (IPO) and I spearheaded the overall process. The IPO process involved several critical aspects, including regulatory approvals, appointment of intermediaries, Red Herring Prospectus and agreements to be in place, compliances under SEBI (Stock Exchange Board of India) regulation, Investor Roadshows etc. The IPO turned out to be the largest IPO by a HFC in India and the second largest IPO in 2016, which was oversubscribed by more than 30 times. It also met the largest QIB demand in the last 5 years, with participation from several quality long-only institutional investors, which is something that I am very proud of.
In the past twelve months, I was also, actively, involved in raising funds through securitization at a very critical time, when the gearing of the Company was very high and was close to the upper cap, as per the National Housing Bank (NHB) regulations.
We raised funds, valued at US$150 million from multilateral institution, i.e. ADB (Asian Development Bank). We also became the first HFC to raise funds under Green Bonds from IFC – valued at INR 500 Crores.
As the cost of borrowing is a key parameter for a mortgage company, over the years we also reworked the Borrowing mix, which reduced the cost of borrowing that resulted in improving the profitability of the Company during the year.
Additional assignments that I have been working towards have been improving the profitability and efficiency of our business strategy and providing insight and analysis to various functions.