According to the government, the tax increase of an extra 1.25p in the pound will help pay for £39 billion more spending on health and social care across the next three years. 

Plans to increase National Insurance contributions were announced by the government back in September. Amid the spiralling cost of living crisis, the move by the government has faced widespread criticism. 

Instead of paying National Insurance contributions of 12% on earning up to £50,270 and 2% on anything above that, employees will now pay 13.25% and 3.25% respectively. Meanwhile, those who are self-employed will see their rates go up from 9% and 2% to 10.25% and 3.25%. 

Frances O’Grady, the general secretary of the TUC, has urged the government to offer more support to UK households: With energy bills set to shoot up by £700, and by hundreds more in the autumn, many households face being pushed into the red [...] Ministers must do far more to help people get through this cost of living crisis.”